Track Categories

The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.

Immunology is the analysis of the immune system and it is significant in the medical and biological sciences. The immune system shields us from infection through various lines of defence. If the system is not functioning as it should, then it will result in diseases, such as autoimmunity, allergy and cancer. The immune response is not only the response of the organism to antigen stimulation but also a biological process of recognizing and eliminating antigen substances. Most of the elements in the immune system are cellular in origin and not related to any specific organ, but they are embedded or circulated in various tissues located throughout the body. Immunology has applications in countless medical disciplines, especially in the fields of organ transplantation, oncology, rheumatology, virology, bacteriology, parasitology, and dermatology.

  • Track 1-1Healthy Immune System
  • Track 1-2Immune Responses
  • Track 1-3Impact of Immunotherapy and Immunomodulation
  • Track 1-4Autoimmunity
  • Track 1-5Technology Development and Applications

Allergic inflammation is the outcome of a complex interplay among the structural tissues and inflammatory cells, including mast cells, basophils, lymphocytes, dendritic cells, eosinophils, and sometimes, neutrophils. Allergic inflammation is a medical condition which includes allergic asthma, atopic dermatitis,  and several other ocular allergic diseases. Allergic reactions can generally be divided into two components namely early phase reaction and the late phase reaction. While the offering for the development of symptoms from each phase gets varies between diseases, both the phases are usually present and provide us with a framework for understanding the allergic disease.

  • Track 2-1Immediate hypersensitivity
  • Track 2-2Cytotoxic or antibody-dependent hypersensitivity
  • Track 2-3Immune complex disease
  • Track 2-4Delayed-type hypersensitivity
  • Track 2-5Oral tolerance and hypersensitivity

Immunohistochemistry is the most common application of immunostaining. It involves the process of particularly identifying antigens in cells of a tissue section by exploiting the principles of antibodies binding especially to antigens in biological tissues. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) matters much of monoclonal as well as polyclonal antibodies to determine the tissue distribution of an antigen of interest in health and diseases. IHC plays a significant role in pathology, particularly in the subspecialties of oncologic pathology, neuropathology, and hematopathology.  IHC involves specific antigen-antibody interaction, it has an observable lead over historically used staining methods that identify only a less number of proteins, enzymes, and tissue structures. Therefore, IHC has become a crucial technique and is used in many medical kinds of research as well as clinical diagnostics.

  • Track 3-1Immunoprecipitation
  • Track 3-2Immunoelectrophoretic
  • Track 3-3Immunofixation
  • Track 3-4Immunonephelometric
  • Track 3-5Immunoturbidimetry

Reproductive immunology refers to a field of medicine that studies relations between the immune cells and organs related to the reproductive system growth and development medicines help in the maternal immune tolerance towards the fetus or immunological interactions across the blood-testis barrier. And also clinical studies of fertility problems, recurrent miscarriages and pregnancy complications. The central creed in reproductive immunology is that there is active maternal immune recognition of pregnancy that leads to cellular, antibody or cytokine responses which protect the fetal allograft. Taking antibody responses first, there has been much evidence that so-called blocking antibodies ,which impair in vitro lymphocyte response assays can be found in normal pregnancy sera and placental eluates. However, the data often are not convincing that these systemic effects can always be ascribable to the specific antibody, rather than other serum factors, and that they occur in all successful pregnancies.

  • Track 4-1Maternal immune tolerance
  • Track 4-2Blood-testis barrier
  • Track 4-3Fertility clinics
  • Track 4-4Anti sperm antigen
  • Track 4-5Autoagglutination

The medicines deal with the cure and repair of pulmonary organs by secretion of secretory A immunoglobulins  & contrast in the alveolar zones, There are macrophages and lymphocytes which are present in the alveolar lumen or in the pulmonary interstitial tissue. Knowledge of pulmonary immunology is essential to the understanding of certain respiratory diseases. The airways and alveolar zones may be seen separately and in contrast on the basis of the immune system of the lung. In general, there are mast cells, polynuclear eosinophil and lymphocytes within the airways.

  • Track 5-1Lung Diseases
  • Track 5-2Lymphocytes immune
  • Track 5-3Lung immunology
  • Track 5-4Eosinophil
  • Track 5-5Tracheobronchial epithelium

The baby, whether premature or of fetal age, maybe a distinctive host from associate degree medical speciality perspective. Many elements of the system operate less well in neonates compared with adults, giving rise to the conception of associate degree "immunodeficiency of immatureness." The adaptive significance of those alterations for neonatal survival remains obscure. This review highlights several distinguished quantitative and qualitative variations between baby and adult immune systems. From a clinical point of view, the foremost vital variations seem to be reduction within the accessible bone marrow reserve of WBC precursors, reduction in humor complement activity, decreased ability to supply antibodies against microorganism polyose antigens, associate degreed inflated proportion of T lymphocytes bearing an antigenically "naive" cell surface constitution and a correspondingly naive purposeful program.

  • Track 6-1Immatureness
  • Track 6-2Polyose antigens
  • Track 6-3Naïve immune cell arrival
  • Track 6-4WBC precursors
  • Track 6-5Bone marrow

Tumour immunology refers to the interaction of immune cells with cancer cells. T cells and natural killer cells are involved in tumour immunosurveillance. Tumour immunology is a collaborative branch of biology that is concerned with the role of the immune system in the advancement and evolution of cancer; the familiar application is cancer immunotherapy, which utilises the immune system as a treatment for cancer. Within the tumour microenvironment, a broad spectrum of host responses may be generated, which may range from protective cytotoxic reactions to tumour-promoting inflammatory reactions. The specific factors that dictate the outcome of the anti-cancer response remain under active study, but tumour cells typically exploit host factors to foster disease progression and create a local immunosuppressive network.

  • Track 7-1Antitumor Effector Cells and Regulation of Tumor Immunity
  • Track 7-2Tumor-Associated Antigens
  • Track 7-3Tumor-Associated Immunosuppression
  • Track 7-4Mechanisms of Tumor Rejection and Modulation of Antitumor Responses
  • Track 7-5Pathobiology of Immune System Malignancies

Immunotoxicology is the study of harmful effects on the system that results directly or indirectly from occupational, environmental or therapeutic exposure to chemicals, biologic materials and, in certain instances, physiological factors, as a whole referred to as agents. It encloses studies of altered immunologic events associated with exposure of humans and wildlife species including immune regulation (suppression or enhancement), allergy and autoimmunity . In the former case, the systemic or local immune system acts as a passive target for the agent, and the result may be an increase in the severity of infectious disease or neoplasia. In allergy, the immune system responds to hapten–host protein conjugates or high molecular weight compounds. The most likely health consequences include respiratory tract allergies like asthma, rhinitis or allergic contact dermatitis. Autoimmunity may occur as a result of an agent-induced alteration in host tissue. The recent studies in immunotoxicology involve investigations in the inflammatory mediators, particularly cytokines and reactive oxygen species.

  • Track 8-1Immunosuppression
  • Track 8-2Xenobiotic
  • Track 8-3Developmental Immunotoxicology
  • Track 8-4Hypersensitivity
  • Track 8-5Immunodisfunction

The body defence mechanism regularly exposed to a wide range of pathogens, organisms must elicit and regulate effective immune responses to protect their health while avoiding immunopathology. But, most of our knowledge about the functions of the immune system comes from laboratory studies performed on mice in extremely controlled environments with restricted exposure to infection. The goal of 'wild immunology' is to connect immune phenotype with the host fitness in natural environments. To achieve this,it requires relevant measures of immune responsiveness that are both applicable to the host-parasite interaction understudy and robustly associated with measures of host and parasite fitness.

  • Track 9-1Phenotype
  • Track 9-2Host-parasite
  • Track 9-3Screening
  • Track 9-4Parasite ecology
  • Track 9-5Quantitative parasitology

Cardiovascular immunology is a medicine related to cardiac diseases , exploring the relation between the cardiovascular and the immune system . This relation is apparent through vital immunological limits and elements of cardiovascular cell types, with cardiomyocytes, fibroblasts, endothelial cells, pericytes and heart inhabitant macrophages, the effect of variant immune function  on the improvement of cardiovascular illness, for example, atherosclerosis, direct and indirect immune-mediated heart disease and vasculitis, and the critical role of the immune system in cardiac repair and regeneration.

  • Track 10-1Cardiovascular disease
  • Track 10-2Heart Block
  • Track 10-3Myocardial Infarction
  • Track 10-4Endothelial
  • Track 10-5Atherosclerosis

Osteoimmunology is a relation between skeletal system and immune system where the immune cells responsible for growth  of  bones and skeletal system  comprises of mechanisms between the two systems in vertebrates, including ligands, receptors, signalling molecules and transcription factors.Osteoimmunology has been explored clinically for the treatment of bone metastases, rheumatoid arthritis (RA), osteoporosis, osteopetrosis, and periodontitis. Researches in osteoimmunology disclose the interrelation between molecular communication among blood cells and structural pathologies within the body.

  • Track 11-1System similarities
  • Track 11-2Clinical osteoimmunology
  • Track 11-3Clinical osteoimmunology
  • Track 11-4Bone metabolism
  • Track 11-5Immune mediator

Immunohematology is a branch of haematology which studies antigen-antibody reactions and similar phenomena and  Characterization of blood disorders based on their pathogenicity and membrane-bound organelles of blood cells. Immunohematology includes blood typing, cross-matching and antibody identification. Immunohematology is the study of RBC antigens and antibodies related to blood transfusions. There are about  230 types of antigens present on the surface of RBCs that, based on their chemical structure and can be grouped into two major categories such as carbohydrates and polypeptides. The erythrocytes antigen formation is encrypted by specific genes inherited from parents and categorized in blood group systems.

  • Track 12-1RBC antigen
  • Track 12-2Rh factor
  • Track 12-3RBC agglutination
  • Track 12-4Hemolysis
  • Track 12-5Histocompatibility

Computational immunology is a branch of bioinformatics which deals with sequence alignment and protein structure prediction tools. The Immune cell interactions and responses are converted to computational data where the analysis and recovery are done using mathematical and computational approaches and then convert these results into immunologically meaningful interpretations. This provides a better understanding of immune responses and their role during normal, diseased and reconstitution states. Computational immunology is a division of immunomics, which is focused on analyzing large scale experimental data.

  • Track 13-1ALPSbase
  • Track 13-2AntigenDB
  • Track 13-3AntiJe
  • Track 13-4BCIpep
  • Track 13-5IMGT_GENE-DB

Eco immunology is an interdisciplinary field combining aspects of immunology ,Study of immune cells evolutionary aspects and their physiological appearances which help in the cell interactions.In the  field of Eco immunology, involves the cell interactions with the neighbouring cells by the cell-bound receptors.Ecoimmunology is the combination of immunology with ecology, biology, physiology, and evolution. Ecological Immunology suspects that immunological defences must be minimized in terms of cost. Analysing the sources and results of investment in immune function termed ecological immunology has modified multiple realms of biology, including behavioural ecology, disease ecology and life history evolution. The immune system consists of psychological processes which infer infection risk from perceptual cues, and retort to the perceptual cues through the spark of aversive emotions, cognitions and the behavioural impulses. These processes have significant implications for human social cognition and social behaviour. Behavioral immune system.

  • Track 14-1Behavioral immune system
  • Track 14-2Abiotic environment.
  • Track 14-3Non-immunological
  • Track 14-4Traditional immunity
  • Track 14-5Self-medication

Innate immunity refers to the nonspecific defence mechanisms that come into action immediately or within a few hours of an antigen's appearance in the body. These mechanisms consist of physical barriers such as skin, chemicals in the blood, and immune system cells that fight against foreign cells in the body. The innate immune reaction is activated by the chemical properties of the antigen. Innate immunity happens because of the genetic factors; it is not influenced by infections or vaccinations but it will scale back the work for the adaptive immune responses.

  • Track 15-1Antigen and antibody interaction
  • Track 15-2primary immune responses
  • Track 15-3B lymphocytes
  • Track 15-4secondary immune responses
  • Track 15-5T lymphocytes

Adaptive immunity refers to antigen-specific immune response. The adaptive immune response is more extravagant than the innate system. At first, the antigen must be processed and recognized. Once an antigen has been recognized, the adaptive immune system will create an army of immune cells particularly designed to attack the antigen. Adaptive immunity also consists of "memory" that makes future responses against a specific antigen more efficient. The innate immune response is initiated by antigen's chemical properties.  The adaptive immunity is started by exposure to pathogens and it will use an immunological memory to know about the threat and intensify the immune response accordingly. The adaptive immune result is much slower to respond to threats and infections than the innate immune response.

  • Track 16-1white blood cells
  • Track 16-2Leukocytes
  • Track 16-3Immunomodulatory
  • Track 16-4Specific immunity
  • Track 16-5Activation immunotherapy

Plant medical is the study of how plants defend their tissues from getting infected. Plants do not have associate degree adaptive system, however, they have evolved innate immune mechanisms (including the resistance proteins) to sense and reply to infections. Relative to a prone plant, malady resistance will reduce the microorganism growth on or within the plant , whereas the term malady tolerance describes plants that exhibit very little infection despite substantial microorganism levels. Disease outcome is based on the interaction of the microorganism, the plant and therefore the environmental conditions which is known as the disease triangle.

  • Track 17-1Cellular barriers
  • Track 17-2Natural killer cells
  • Track 17-3Immunoprophylaxis
  • Track 17-4Complement system
  • Track 17-5Immune complex disease

The process of production and development of vaccines that incorporates biological agents that area unit almost like disease-causing microorganisms in weakened forms it means the pathogenicity is disintegrated from the microorganism vaccines a biological preparation that gives active resistance to a selected illness. A vaccine distinctively consists of an agent that lool like a disease-causing microorganism and is often made from weakened or killed forms of the microbes, its toxins, or one of its surface proteins. The agent stimulates the body's system to acknowledge the agent as a threat, conclude it, and destroy the microorganisms related to that agent that it may encounter in the forthcoming. Vaccines can be prophylactic or relaxing. The management of vaccines is called vaccination. Vaccination is that the best technique of preventing infectious diseases widespread immunity because of vaccination is essentially in charge of the worldwide obliteration of variola and the restriction of diseases.

  • Track 18-1Innate immune system
  • Track 18-2Adaptive immune system
  • Track 18-3White blood cells
  • Track 18-4Leukocytes
  • Track 18-5Immunomodulatory

Immunomics is a branch of bioinformatics which involves tools to visualize biological networks and infer interrelationships between genes and/or proteins with help of  genomic and proteomic technologies  to understand  the immune system functions and their regulations. Traditionally, scientists examine the immune system had to search for the antigens on an individual basis and recognize the protein sequence of epitopes that would stimulate an immune response. This procedure needs the antigens to be isolated from whole cells, digested into smaller fragments and tested against T- and B-cells to know the responses of T- and B- cells. This approaches could only visualize this system as a static condition and required a large amount of time and manpower. Immunomics has made it easier by its ability to look at the immune system as a whole and characterize it as a dynamic model. It was disclosed that some of the immune system's most distinguishing features are the continuous motility, turnover, and plasticity of its constituent cells.

  • Track 19-1Genomic
  • Track 19-2Proteomic
  • Track 19-3Immunomic microarrays
  • Track 19-4Lymphochip
  • Track 19-5T- and- B-cell-epitope mapping tools

Mucosal immunology is the study of immune system responses that happens in the mucosal membranes of the intestines, the urogenital tract and the respiratory system, that is the surfaces that are in relation with the external environment. In normal, the mucosal immune system will provide protection against pathogens. The mucosal membranes are the significant contact point between a host and its environment, a large amount of secondary lymphoid tissue is found here. The mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue, or MALT, provides the organism with the first line of defence. Along with the spleen and lymph nodes, the tonsils and MALT are also known as the secondary lymphoid tissue. The mucosal immune system provides three main functions: serving as the body's first line defence from antigens and infection, preventing systemic immune responses to commensal bacteria and food antigens, and regulating appropriate immune responses to pathogens encountered on a daily basis.

  • Track 20-1Protective Mucosal Immune Responses
  • Track 20-2Influences on Mucosal Immunity
  • Track 20-3Role and Regulation of IgA
  • Track 20-4Mucosal Tolerance and Disease
  • Track 20-5Mucosal Vaccine Development